The simple idea behind this well researched therapeutic modality is that our thoughts affect how we feel and, in turn, how we behave. This means that negative thinking leads to negative emotions, such as anxiety and sadness. These states of mind then impact how we behave (eg. isolating, procrastinating, self-medicating, etc.) and support further negative thoughts about ourselves, in a vicious cycle.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy techniques teach us how to identify and challenge thoughts leading to negative emotions and, unhelpful behaviours. It also incorporates strategies to reduce overall stress and anxiety. When not used as a standalone technique, CBT strategies complement other effective therapeutic modalities and are an essential part of successful counselling.